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Extinct in the wild

Definition of extinct

The criteria for declaring a species as extinct in the wild are if:

  • there have been thorough searches conducted for the wildlife; and
  • the wildlife has not been seen in the wild over a period that is appropriate for the life cycle or form of the wildlife.

The Governor in Council may classify a species as extinct in the wild by amending the Nature Conservation (Wildlife) Regulation 2006 where the above criteria under the Nature Conservation Act 1992 have been met.

A species is extinct in the wild when it is known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population well outside the past range (that is, the species survives, reproduces and persists in an area where it did not naturally occur). A species is presumed as extinct in the wild when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat - at appropriate times throughout its historic range - have failed to record an individual. Surveys must be conducted over a timeframe appropriate to the species’ life cycle and life form.

Extinction is irreversible and occurs when a species or other group of organisms has no living representatives in the wild.

View a list of extinct in the wild animals and plants in Queensland.

Extinct in the wild animals

The following animals are listed as extinct in the wild under the Nature Conservation Act 1992:

Common name Scientific name
Bramble Cay melomys Melomys rubicola 
Darling Downs hopping-mouse Notomys mordax
Desert rat-kangaroo Caloprymnus campestris
Eastern bettong Bettongia gaimardi gaimardi
Paradise parrot Psephotus pulcherrimus
Percy Island flying-fox (also known as dusky flying-fox) Pteropus brunneus
Sharp snouted dayfrog Taudactylus acutirostris
Southern dayfrog Taudactylus diurnus
Southern gastric brooding frog Rheobatrachus silus
Western quoll Dasyurus geoffroii geoffroii
White-footed rabbit-rat (also known as white-footed tree-rat) Conilurus albipes

Extinct in the wild plants

There are 22 species of plants that are listed as extinct in the wild under the Nature Conservation Act 1992.

The complete list of extinct in the wild plants can be found in the Nature Conservation (Wildlife) Regulation 2006.

Causes of extinction

The criteria for declaring a species as extinct in the wild are if:

  • there have been thorough searches conducted for the wildlife; and
  • the wildlife has not been seen in the wild over a period that is appropriate for the life cycle or form of the wildlife.

The Governor in Council may classify a species as extinct in the wild by amending the Nature Conservation (Wildlife) Regulation 2006 where the above criteria under the Nature Conservation Act 1992 have been met.

A species is extinct in the wild when it is known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population well outside the past range (that is, the species survives, reproduces and persists in an area where it did not naturally occur). A species is presumed as extinct in the wild when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat - at appropriate times throughout its historic range - have failed to record an individual. Surveys must be conducted over a timeframe appropriate to the species’ life cycle and life form.

Extinction is irreversible and occurs when a species or other group of organisms has no living representatives in the wild.

View a list of extinct in the wild animals and plants in Queensland.

Last updated
17 May 2019