Wildlife Trade Management Plan - Queensland crocodile farming and egg harvesting
The Queensland Government regulates, and undertakes, various activities in Queensland that involve crocodiles, for example, the regulation of crocodile farming under wildlife farming licences, and the removal of crocodiles that are determined to be problem crocodiles. The Queensland Government has recently amended legislation to allow estuarine crocodile eggs to be taken from the wild, under commercial wildlife harvesting licences, but only where the harvesting will not adversely affect the local population of estuarine crocodiles.
To accompany these legislative amendments, a new Wildlife Trade Management Plan for Queensland Crocodile Farming and Crocodile Egg Harvesting (1 November – 31 October 2023) has been approved by the Commonwealth Minister for the Environment.
Why is a Wildlife Trade Management Plan needed?
Australia is a signatory to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Populations of both the Australian freshwater crocodile (Crocodylus johnstoni) and the Australian estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) are listed in CITES Appendix II, meaning trade must be controlled in order to avoid use that is incompatible with their survival.
The Australian Government regulates the international movement of wildlife and wildlife products through the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act). To export ‘Appendix II specimens’, an export permit is required and skins must be tagged in accordance with a tagging system that complies with the provisions of CITES Resolution Conference 11.12. To obtain an export permit for crocodile products for commercial purposes, the production of those specimens must be done in accordance with EPBC Act requirements, for example, in accordance with an approved Wildlife Trade Management Plan (WTMP).
About the Wildlife Trade Management Plan – Queensland Crocodile Farming and Crocodile Egg Harvesting (1 November 2018—31 October 2023)
The WTMP has been approved under Part 13A, Section 303FO of the EPBC Act. The WTMP outlines the various activities in Queensland that involve the take, keep, use or movement of crocodiles associated with trade, and seeks to ensure that:
- farming of estuarine and freshwater crocodiles in Queensland does not negatively impact the conservation of crocodiles in the wild in Queensland
- harvesting of estuarine crocodile eggs does not negatively impact the conservation of crocodiles in the wild in Queensland
- crocodiles are humanely treated in accordance with the Code of Practice for the Humane Treatment of Wild and Farmed Australian Crocodiles (the Australian Code).
Including crocodile egg harvesting in the WTMP will now assist any relevant person or corporation in obtaining an export permit for any crocodile skins or other crocodile products that have come from harvested eggs.
For further information on exporting crocodile products, visit the Australian Government Department of Environment and Energy.